Spatial data are created by several agencies as per their needs. Between 1999- 2002 Survey Department created the digital topographic database from its base-maps. Development of a multi-resolution geodatabase is under progress. In year 2002, Government of Nepal realized the importance of supporting in the creation of an infrastructure to facilitate the sharing of geographical information within the country. While the infrastructure will evolve eventually to serve the purpose of national geographical information infrastructure (NGII), the scope of the current activities is to pilot such an infrastructure with topographic and census data at the first priority. Such data are made available and shared with all the users. On the second stage, the Ministry of Local Development, the Ministry of Health and Population, the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives and the 33 Branch Statistical Offices situated in different districts will be incorporated on the infrastructure.
The concept of NGII once fully institutionalized will be an enabling platform for all sorts of geographical information handlings at the national level, thereby facilitating the operationalization of a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in Nepal. The main benefit of NGII will be the technological, managerial, organizational, economic and personnel mechanism to facilitate the sharing, access to and responsible use of all kinds of spatial data.
Hence with the aim of nationwide geospatial information management, analysis, standardization and one way dissemination approach, National Geographic Information Infrastructure Division has been established on 6th of October 2016 under Survey Department by Nepal Government to act as the NSDI of Nepal