Map Sheet Layout
First Edition: 1988
Second Edition: 2007
Published By : Survey Department, Government of Nepal
Compiled By : National Geographic Information Infrastructure Programme, NGIIP
Copyright : Government of Nepal 2007
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form by any process without written permission of the publisher. Requests or enquiries concerning reproduction should be addressed to the Director General, Survey Department, Min Bhawan, Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal.
- The first edition of the "Index of Geographical Names of Nepal" was compiled by Survey Department and published in five volumes by the Mapping Sub-Committee of the then National Council for Science and Technology in 1987-88. The names were basically collected from the very old 1" = 1 Mile topographical maps of Nepal published by Survey of India in 1950’s - 60’s. Lot of development has been made in the field of mapping in Nepal since then. A new series of topographical base maps at the scale of 1:25,000 for the terai and the mountainous areas and 1:50,000 for the high mountains and the Himalayan areas were completed during the period 1992 to 2002. A complete digital topographic database of the country based upon these new topographic base maps were compiled during 1996 to 2002. Due to these developments Survey Department did have an inventory of more complete list of geographical names not only because they were based on more larger scale mapping but also because they were more current. The publisher of the First Edition of the "Index of Geographical Names" was already dissolved; and the digital data including the list of geographical names were held at the National Geographic Information Infrastructure Programme (NGIIP) of Survey Department. It was therefore considered appropriate for NGIIP to compile the Second Edition and publish them in the interest of all the users. This work is the outcome of these efforts.
- In the current context, while hard copy library edition is still very important for reference, most of the users look for information in the internet. Due to this reason, we have published this edition in hardcopy book format and this is also made available in our official website www.dos.gov.np as well in our data portal www.dosm.gov.np and www.ngiip.gov.np This arrangement, we hope, will highly benefit our users.
- In conclusion, this edition has been prepared as a companion index to our base maps and the NTDB and it should not be confused as the official gazetteer of geographical names of the Government Nepal. However, since no such official gazetteer does exist in Nepal, we do hope that this will serve as a very important reference in the field of geographical names in Nepal.
- While all possible efforts were made to depict the information correctly, some errors may have crept in and we look forward for valuable comments and notification from the users if any mistakes are found.
Toya Nath Baral
Dated June 5, 2007
- The geographical names presented in this volume are derived from the topographical maps (1:25 000 scale) of Lumbini Zone published in 1993, topographical maps of Eastern Nepal (1:25 000 and 1:50 000 scales) published in 1997 and topographical maps of Western Nepal (1:25 000 and 1:50 000 scales) published in 2001. All these maps, the base maps of Nepal, were published by Survey Department of The Government of Nepal.
- The names of different features presented in the maps were collected in the field with the help of local people in Nepali language and are approved by the local authorities as far as possible. Those names were translated into English language following the transliteration rules in practice in Survey Department.
- All these base maps have been converted into digital form by Survey department and are available for the map users in PC ARCINFO coverage format. During digitization, the location of label points, representing the feature names, are placed in such a way that they locate the features in a best possible way. The digital data are stored for each and every map sheet.
- The digital data layer of settlement names was intersected with that of administrative boundaries and the projection system of the resulting data layer converted into geographical projection system with latitude and longitude as the coordinate system. From this data layer the settlement names, name of VDC / Municipality, name of districts, latitude and longitude are extracted and saved as database file in Dbase IV format. Each of these database file is enriched by adding names in Nepali and names and other attributes of other geographical features like rivers, canals, roads, ridges, passes, goths, kharkas and peaks. The names of the features have been verified with the original names available in Survey Department.
- In this volume, list of settlements, list of rivers, list of canals, roads and ridges and list of passes, Goths, kharkas and peaks are presented. For each district, list of settlements is presented by VDC / Municipality in alphabetical order. Each settlement has a reference to the base map as well. Since, the linear features extend beyond one district in most of the cases; lists of such features are presented separately after the lists of settlements. Each feature has a reference to the base map apart from other attributes.
The Transliteration and Translation Rules Adopted
List of Settlements
List of Rivers
List of Passes, Goths, Kharkas, Peaks